On July 2, 1881, at 9:20 a.m., James A. Garfield was shot in the back as he walked with Secretary of State Blaine in Washington's Baltimore and Potomac train station.  Guiteau then revised his speech to "Garfield against Hancock", and tried to sign on as a campaigner for the Republican ticket. Professor Emeritus of History  On September 6, Garfield was taken by train to Elboron (then part of Long Branch) at the Jersey Shore, where volunteers built a spur line, overnight, from the station to the Francklyn Cottage, a seaside mansion given over to his use. . The rapidly gathering crowd screamed, "Lynch him", but Kearney and several other police officers took the assassin to the police station a few blocks away. *Gift cards excluded Garfield cried out, "My God, what is that? There happened to be several doctors available at the scene who were eager to help and as a result, used their unwashed fingers and hands to try and retrieve the bullet immediately. He was taken to a cottage on the Jersey shore in the hope that the cool sea air would revive him, but died on the night of September 19, 1881. Garfield himself had called for civil service reform in his inaugural address and supported it as president in the belief that it would make government more efficient.  He appealed, but his appeal was rejected, and he was hanged on June 30, 1882, just two days before the first anniversary of the shooting, in the District of Columbia. Grant lost the nomination to dark horse candidate James Garfield, who was not affiliat… Arthur was inaugurated early in the morning on September 20, and he took the presidential oath of office from John R. Brady, a New York Supreme Court judge. He is listed as one of the four sitting presidents assassinated while in office, but, as indicated by his shooter, the cause of death is up for debate.  Guiteau believed he should be awarded a diplomatic post for his supposedly vital assistance, first asking for a consulship in Vienna, then expressing a willingness to "settle" for one in Paris. Get exclusive deals and offers delivered to your inbox. ", flinging up his arms. Guiteau was convicted of Garfield's murder and executed by hanging one year after the shooting. "Guiteau Found Guilty," New York Times. Garfield had lain on his sickbed for 79 days without performing any of the duties of his office except for the signing of an extradition paper, but this did not prove to be a difficulty because in the 19th century the federal government effectively shut down for the summer regardless.  Garfield had no bodyguard or security detail; early presidents did not employ them, with the exception of Abraham Lincoln during the Civil War.. The team and I at PhoneSoap are proud to say we have placed hundreds of units in hospitals and medical centers across the US that assist doctors and nurses in their efforts with delivering the best possible care. ", Guiteau's family had judged him to be insane in 1875 and attempted to have him committed, but he had escaped. , Guiteau continued to prepare carefully; he wrote a letter to William Tecumseh Sherman, the Commanding General of the Army, asking for protection from the mob that he assumed would gather after he killed the President, and he wrote other letters justifying his action as necessary to heal dissension between the factions of the Republican Party. On one occasion, he trailed him to the railway station as the President was seeing his wife off to a beach resort in Long Branch, New Jersey, but he decided not to shoot him then, as Lucretia Garfield was known to be in poor health and he did not want to upset her.  The next morning, his vital signs were good and doctors began to hope for recovery. In honor of today being the anniversary of President Garfield's death, we're talking history - something we … Provo, UT 84606 USA, † PhoneSoap 3 Laboratory On May 14, 1881, he encountered Secretary of State James G. Blaine, who told him, "Never speak to me again on the Paris consulship as long as you live. Garfield's assassination was instrumental to the passage of the Pendleton Civil Service Reform Act on January 16, 1883.  Bell's subsequent tests indicated that his metal detector was in good working order and that he would have found the bullet had he been allowed to use the device on Garfield's left side. He received ample media attention during his trial for his bizarre behavior, including constantly insulting his defense team, formatting his testimony in epic poems which he recited at length, and soliciting legal advice from random spectators in the audience via passed notes. It was an act of God, resulting from a political necessity for which he was responsible." He claimed that he was not guilty because Garfield's murder was the will of God and he was only an instrument of it.  Garfield was unaffiliated with either faction, but Blaine had given his support to Garfield once it became clear that Blaine could not win the presidential nomination. The weeks and months that followed were excruciating for President Garfield. It didn't take long for the surgical site to become infected with sepsis - an infection that eventually leads to complete organ failure of the entire body. He said, "I hope—my God, I do hope it is a mistake", but confirmation by telegram came soon after.
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