Their streaking is coarser, and they don't have the Lincoln's pale eyering or buffy wash across the breast. Other distinguishing features are that the House sparrow (Male) has a grey chest and belly with a black chest patch/bib near the neck while the Song Sparrow has a … Vesper Sparrow has white outer tail feathers which Lincoln's lacks. Also found in wetlands with aspen and cottonwood, and in black spruce–tamarack bogs. Their clear, mellifluous trills resonate through wetlands from central Canada to the eastern United States, where Swamp Sparrows are fairly common but often hidden among aquatic plants. Nonbreeding and immature Swamp Sparrows can be very similar to Lincoln's Sparrows but usually have rufous in the wings, a neat white throat patch, and no eyering. Their streaking is coarser, and they don't have the Lincoln's pale eyering or buffy wash across the breast. Song Sparrows vary across North America, but they always show coarser streaking than Lincoln's Sparrows, without the eyering or the buffy wash on the breast. Swamp Sparrows perch and forage in vegetation near the ground or water surface, where their rather long legs—longer than those of Song or Lincoln’s Sparrows—enable them to forage well. Swamp Sparrows are common in summer in cattail marshes and brushy swamps across the Northeast, Midwest, and much of Canada. The Swamp Sparrow with its reddish cap might be confused with the Chipping Sparrow, but the Swamp Sparrow is bigger, bulkier, and occurs in very different habitat. In spring and summer, males sing a rich, liquid series of notes all on the same pitch. The throat is white and, like the breast, lacks streaks. The Cornell Lab will send you updates about birds, birding, and opportunities to help bird conservation. HABITAT: Breeds in freshwater wetlands; during migration and in winter found in brushy habitats near water. Song Sparrows have larger bills than Lincoln's Sparrows. On rare occasions in early spring, a male delivers a flight song composed of halting, jumbled notes followed by its typical trill. Get Instant ID help for 650+ North American birds. Medium-sized sparrow with fairly small bill. Savannah Sparrows have shorter, notched tails. The most common call note is a rich, sweet, resonant seet, given by both sexes. Listen to more sounds of this species from the ML archive. Males sing a rich wrenlike song of trills, gurgles, and buzzes. The Swamp Sparrow, like the Song Sparrow, is often dismissed as a "little brown job." It is a reddish-brown bird with dark stripes down its back. Song Sparrows have larger bills than Lincoln's Sparrows. It’s essentially a slow trill, given to attract mates and mark territory. The reddish cap might suggest a Chipping Sparrow, but this bird of the marshes is bigger and bulkier, a solitary skulker in dense cover. A male can have a repertoire of several different trills. Individual sparrows show slight variations in their songs, and there are distinct regional differences among populations’ songs as well. In winter they live not only in marshes but also in thickets and weedy fields away from water. Medium-sized sparrow with fairly small bill. But a closer look reveals a bird richly colored in earthy tones of russet, brown, and cool gray, set off by a white throat and reddish cap. Behavior. Crisp dark streaks on buffy breast transition to unmarked white belly. New World Sparrows(Order: Passeriformes, Family:Passerellidae). Each song starts off with 2 or 3 bell-like notes before bursting into bubbly trills and gurgles that rapidly change pitch. Females flushed from the nest might give a series of stuttering chip notes, and pairs sometimes give quiet, sibilant contact calls when apart. Gray face, pale eyering, and very fine streaks on buffy breast are distinctive. In winter, their diet is principally fruit and seeds, while during the breeding season their diet is mainly arthropods. Neat appearance with fine, crisp streaks, gray face with pale eyering, and buffy wash across breast. Habitat. They have a yellowish stripe over the eye, no eyering, and lack Lincoln's Sparrow's buffy wash on the breast. The song of the swamp sparrow is a slow monotone trill, slower than that of the chipping sparrow. Vesper Sparrows lack the Lincoln's Sparrow's gray face with neat reddish-brown stripes, and they lack the buffy wash to the breast. They typically forage near the water’s edge or in brushy patches within the habitat. Breeds in wet meadows among dense shrubs, particularly willows. Males in conflict with other males also utter low, buzzy call notes. Their streaking is coarser, and they don't have the Lincoln's pale eyering or buffy wash across the breast. Swamp Sparrows provide sweet accompaniment to spring mornings in boreal bogs, sedge swamps, cattail marshes, and wet brushy meadows. The neck and much of the face are gray, as is the breast.
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